Ancient Times

Beth Hapgood, in memory of her cousin Charles H. Hapgood wrote to me saying:
Interesting was the fact that when CHH tried to use his Earth's Shifting Crust as his doctoral thesis, even with its introduction by Albert Einstein, his request was denied unless he would rewrite it in the accepted format. This he decided not to do. He had too much to explore and discover and write about, too many unanswered questions about life and this world, too many new places and experiences to enjoy and savor.

I dedicate the following effort of mine to the memory of a friend I was never to meet, Charles H. Hapgood.


The Piri Re'is and the Utah Sphinx©

by JamesBowles, author of The Gods, Gemini, and the Great Pyramid

My purpose in bringing you this narrative is Two fold:

First, I wish to present new evidence relating to the antiquity and authenticity of the source material used in preparing the Piri Re'is map of 1513 .. and Secondly, I want to help dispel the myths that imply that the ancient maps are forgeries; that the ancient mariners {until the time of Columbus} never ventured onto the high seas; and that man progressed along lineal lines that trace our genealogy back to the trees.

One look at the joined photographs of the N.E. shoreline of South America on the Piri Re'is map that compares the map's facial glyphs {lower left} with the Utah Sphinx and the formations {upper left} that surround it .. should convince everyone {once and for all} that the Piri Re'is map is undeniably authentic. And it bides the question:
Who traveled to Utah?

INTRODUCTION   I -- The Piri Re'is map

The stories told of Turkish Admiral, pirate, and cartographer Piri Re'is are many and varied .. fueled as they were by the fascination with pirate ships and Ali Baba's and the mysteries of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. It was within this setting of mystery and intrigue that in 1929 the Piri Re'is map of 1513 was found buried in a pile of rubble in the Palace of Topkapu in Constantinople.
Drawn on gazelle hide and detailing both sides of the Atlantic from 51º N to 70º S, it bore the inscription:


The Topkapu discovery created no small controversy .. because if the Piri Re'is was found to be authentic {as it portrayed a land-bridge to an apparently ice-free Antarctica} it would force a major change in the academic world.

INTRODUCTION   II -- The Utah Sphinx

The Utah Sphinx in Arches National Park, Moab, Utah, is believed by some to be a natural formation .. but there's a uniqueness about it that kindles thoughts of composition.

The landscape, for instance {which appears to have a spiritual kinship with the Sphinx} is comprised of a number of well weathered formations that seem structured to tell a story of devotion and sacred protectiveness.

Dominating the scene with prominent cartoonish features, is the bulbous nosed Sphinx. The first formation forward is a pair of hands with fingers clasped as though in prayer or thanksgiving. The second formation forward is set quite low .. and has the likeness of a young woman's face that is looking up at the Sphinx in adroit adoration.

Closing out the scene we see a cap, or more likely, a reptile in the act of biting the Sphinx's head in the traditional manner known to express protection in ancient motifs.

If correct and the scene was indeed sculptured, then the
weathered roundness would suggest an origin of extreme antiquity. But beyond argument there remains the fact, that the profile of the Utah Sphinx and it's environs, were used to illustrate the northeastern coastline of South America on the Piri Re'is map.

the SPHINX and the MAP

The intent now becomes one of comparison of the six cross-referenced points of interest between the Utah Sphinx and the corresponding features on the Piri Re'is map, to show that the map displays an ancient sacred relationship between South America and what is now the State of Utah in the United States.

This demonstration will provide evidence of global maritime travel and extraordinary achievement by the Ancients. However the answers that this discovery will provide, may be small in comparison to the questions that it will raise.

The following cross referenced items
.. comprise the six points of comparison:

1...... Protective Cap
The use of a cap to symbolize protection has very ancient origins .. although it's exact meaning is lost to antiquity. However, it may be said {as with all hats} it's a symbol of protection and may be based on the fact that some animals, reptiles particularly, are known to protect their young by holding them literally in their mouths.

..... The Companion
Other than the Companion is prominent on both the Sphinx and the map image, making a point of correlation, I don't know it's significance.

..... Bearded face & bulbous nose
Again, other than the Bearded face and the prominent nose features on both the Sphinx and the map that make them points of correlation, I can only guess that this motif may represent that of a rain god. This suggestion arises from the desolate, rain deprived area of Arches National Park where this monument is located.

..... Sloping shoulder
The Sloping shoulder is clearly identifiable between both the Sphinx and the Piri Re'is. Beyond that, and as a point of correlation .. I don't know it's significance.

..... Vertical and conjoined fingers
The Vertical and conjoined fingers, are very prominent on both the Sphinx and the map image, and might better be left to the readers imagination .. with the suggestion that it be considered in combination with the expression of adoration on the feminine features of the "Beloved's" face, as discussed below.

..... The Beloved
The deep emotion {or adoration} evident on the Sphinx's feminine companion {the Beloved} is extraordinarily well conceived. I wish to make a special point of this .. because, in comparison, the expression on the face of the feminine figure on the Piri Re'is map is something less than worship. On another point, notice on both the map and in the Sphinx formation .. that each of the feminine figures {as though to see in two directions} have another face on the back of their heads .. and all are shown wearing head scarfs.

At this point, and in reference to the adjacent illustration, I'll leave it up to the reader to finish the verification .. so that the satisfaction is their's alone in proving the map to be authentic, and the Ancient civilizations to be global in nature!

But before closing let me draw your attention to the Second set of Companions. In both instances, they are just below the fingers and left of the Beloved .. they are both looking down and to their left!

It may be that the map that Piri Re'is himself put in a class of .. there being no other, has opened the modern door to some of the secrets of the Ancients. As a next step would it be appropriate to ask: Why did the Ancients use the Arches National Park Sphinx to outline the South American coastline?

Is there a story here?

I think so .. but we might have to find the rest of the Peri Re'is map to know.


..... James Bowles, a retired engineer, is the author of, The Gods, Gemini, and the Great Pyramid. In addition to the discoveries discussed herein, he's also promoted the knowledge that the line figures on the plateau above Nasca Peru are the graphic renderings of the story told in the ancient hieroglyphic texts of Saqqara, Egypt, The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts.

..... Piri Re'is, whose high rank in the Turkish navy privileged him access to the Imperial Library of Constantinople, was considered an expert on Mediterranean lands and coastlines. His work as a cartographer in drawing the Piri Re'is map, and as author of a famous sailing book, "Kitabi Bahriye," guaranteed him lasting fame. He died in 1554.

.....The Arches National Park is located in southeast Utah. It is a preserve of over two thousand natural sandstone arches and a variety of unique geological resources and formations. The extraordinary features of the park, including balanced rocks, fins and pinnacles and the famous Utah Arches Sphinx, are highlighted by a striking environment of contrasting colors, landforms and textures. This critique was provided on the WebSite of the Arches National Park, P. O. Box 907, Moab, Utah 84532, USA

Dedication: A special thanks goes out for the assistance given by someone special who must remain anonymous.

The material in this article relating to the association of the
Piri Re'is map with the Utah Sphinx is deemed original discovery material by the author and all use without specific permission is strictly prohibited.

The Utah Sphinx, and the Piri Re'is Map of 1513©. Copyright©JamesBowlesSept2001, all rights reserved and all use without specific permission is strictly prohibited.

Jupiter, and the Eye of Horus©